Granite is the most abundant rock in the continental crust. It is the most durable stones, hard and tough which has been incorporated in infrastructures of the present times. It is mostly composed of coarse-grained quartz and feldspars in varying proportions. Most granitic rocks also contain mica or amphibole minerals, though a few contain almost no dark minerals. These minerals composition usually gives granite a red, pink, gray, or white color with dark mineral grains visible throughout the rock.
Granite is the rock most often quarried as a “dimension stone” that’s commonly polished smooth and will be cut into blocks or slabs of specific length, width, and thickness, used for things like kitchen countertops; vanity tops； paving block ；bridges；monuments；tiles. It’s sturdy enough that is also commonly used to construct tall buildings and to cover floors in commercial areas. and many other places. In addition, it may be used as crushed stone in road construction.
Given the problem of acid rain in parts of the world, granite has begun to supplant marble as a monument material, because it is much more durable.
Granite is hard enough to resist abrasion, strong enough to bear significant weight, inert enough to resist weathering, and it accepts a brilliant polish. These characteristics make it a very desirable and useful dimension stone.
Granite’s cost is much higher than in price than other man-made materials for projects, but it is considered a prestige material, used to impress others because of its elegance, durability, and quality.